Yusuf Omar and al-Chalghi al-Baghdadi
Baghdad, Iraq (c. 1970).
The Maqam Sharqi Dukah is derived from the Maqam Bayat, transposition of the bayat on the nawa degree. It is also called Sharqi ‘Ushaq or ‘Ushshaq because it is often sung transposed on the muhayyar degree, and in Mosul it is called Sharqi Nawa. It is sung to a colloquial Baghdadi mawwal (zuhayri) with its music accompanied by the 4/4 wahda rhythm. It includes the following modulating pieces: arwah, ‘ushaysh, urfa and husayni.
- Instrumental introduction in bayat mode.
- Tahrir to the words "la wallah galbi la billah ya ya ya ghanim" introducing the sharqi dukah mode. (0:36)
- Several verses of the zuhayri in sharqi dukah mode interspersed with musical interludes. (1:37)
- A piece called Arwah (husayni) consisting of a verse in arwah mode, followed by a piece called ‘Ushaysh (bayat) sung to the words "wiyay wiyay akh akh akh". (5:32)
- A piece called Urfa. (7:17)
- Musical interlude in urfa mode. (7:40)
- A piece called Husayni followed by the taslim in bayat mode. (8:43)
- Traditional peste "Dizzani" in bayat mode.
Traditional ancient peste, Dizzani, in bayat mode and 6/4 sengin sama‘i rhythmic accompaniment. Composed by Mulla ‘Uthman al-Musili.
Vocals: Yusuf Omar (d. 1987)
Santur: Abdallah Ali
Joza: Sha‘ubi Ibrahim al-A‘dhami (d. 1991)
Tabla: Abdul Razzaq Majid al-Shibli
Raqq: Kan‘an Mohammed Salih