The Mathnawi is mainly known as an extended qit'a used in the maqams Mansuri and Rast after the meyanas consisting of two or three verses ending with the command 'aziz men or buya 'aziz. It is also sometimes used in other maqams such as the Hijaz Diwan, Huwaizawi, Sa'idi, Penjigah, and Bajilan. It is said to be named after the mathnawi string of the oud, though it was more likely named after Jalal al-Din Rumi's Masnavi poems in Persian, which used to be sung with this maqam prior to the twentieth century, as it used to be called Maqam Mathnawi 'Ajam. In the Mosul school there are two versions of it: the Mathnawi and Mathnawi Isfahan.
The attached short recording of the Mathnawi by Yusuf Omar is from a religious ritual and is probably from the late fifties or early sixties at the beginning of his career.
- tahrir presenting the mathnawi mode sung to the Persian words aryar agha mawla janemen dost (00:00)
- two verses sung to the tahrir melody, mathnawi mode (00:20)
- second verse repeated (01:25) ending with the 'Araybun 'Ajam piece (hijaz on g) (01:33)
- third verse starting in mathnawi mode (01:48) and ending with a piece called Homayun (hijaz on g) (01:59)
- fragment of a verse in mathnawi mode (02:20)
- Qazzaz piece (bayat on g) (02:35)
- taslim missing from recording