Baidaphone 78 rpm recording, 1925.
Maqam Rast by Rashid al-Qundarchi. The poetry is attributed to the Mameluke poet Ibn al-Nabih al-Masri (14th century).
مقام الرست من اداء الاستاذ رشيد القندرجي (١٨٨٦-١٩٤٥) مع اعضاء الفرقه الموسيقيه (عزوري هارون، صالح شميل، شاؤول هارون زنگي). تسجيل اسطوانه قديم لصالح شركه بيضافون عام ١٩٢٥. الشعر منسوب الى ابن النبيه المصري
The Maqam Rast is a primary maqam based on the rast mode with its tonic on C and is the first of the rast suite. This complex mode is ancient and is found in Arabic, Persian and Turkish classical and popular music. It is sung to classical Arabic verses without rhythmic accompaniment until the second and third meyanas (formerly it was often sung in classical Persian). It includes the modulating pieces: Negriz, Mansuri, Ibrahimi, Hijaz Shaytani, Balaban, Khalili, Sharqi Rast, Hijaz Madani, and Mathnawi. The version sung here is called Rast Turki and is rarely peformed today, having been replaced with the Rast Hindi by later maqam performers.
- Tahrir, vocal introduction in rast mode sung to the word "yar" with a descent from the rast degree to the 'ushayran and gradually up to the chahargah and higher notes. This version of the tahrir is called Rast Turki. (0:08)
- A fragment of a verse in rast mode. (1:20)
- A piece called Mansuri (saba on G) consisting of a verse in mansuri mode preceded by the interjection "ay". (1:34)
- A piece in bayat on G. (2:12)
- Descent to the rast ending with a piece called Negriz. (2:27)
- First meyana called Segah Balaban sung to the words "ya dost" (Arabic-Persian, my friend) followed by a verse in the same mode. (2:47)
- Return to rast by way of the Negriz. (3:31)
- Musical interlude in sharqi rast mode and a 4/4 wahda rhythm. (3:51)
- Second meyana called Khalili (chahargah mode) sung to the words "nazenine men" (Persian, my honey) followed by a verse in the same mode. (4:22)
- Third meyana called Hijaz Madani (hijaz mode) sung to the word "yademen". (5:23)
- A piece called Sharqi Rast ending with the command "ya lali, ya dayim" (Iraqi-Arabic, oh eternal one). (5:45)
- Taslim in rast mode progressively descending from B flat to C by way of the Negriz. (7:02)
Vocals: Rashid Ali al-Qundarchi (1886-1945)
Joza: Salih Shummel Shmuli (1890-1960)
Qanun: 'Azzuri Harun (1900-1995)
Tabla: Shaul Harun Zangi (1890-1956)