Yusuf Omar and al-Chalghi al-Baghdadi
1972, Baghdad, Iraq.
This basic maqam belongs to the hijaz mode. Its composite name suggests the importance of the two degrees hijaz (F sharp) and diwan (A). It is sung without rhythmic accompaniment until the meyana then to the 4/4 wahda rhythm until the end. *
- Musical introduction in hijaz mode to the 4/4 wahda rhythm.
- Unmeasured prelude on the santur in hijaz mode, introducing the subject of the tahrir. (1:30)
- Tahrir in hijaz mode on the words "faryade men", beginning on F sharp and resting on the A. (1:58)
- Sung verses in hijaz mode interspersed with instrumental interludes. (2:35)
- Improvisation on the santur. (4:35)
- A piece in huseyni mode returning to hijaz on the vowel "ouh". (5:00)
- A piece in bayat called "Mthaltha" with vocal effects. (5:30)
- Verses beginning in hijaz and ending with a cadenza of the maqam rast called "Negriz". (5:40)
- Jalsa ending the first part on the tonic F sharp of hijaz mode. (7:27)
The second part is dominated by the 4/4 wahda rhythm.
- Meyana in hijaz called "Atchugh" beginning with a sayha (yell) on the words "ya leil". (8:18)
- A vocal piece "Shahnaz" in hijaz mode on the words "ya leili". (9:03)
- A few verses in hijaz mode descending one octave to the tonic. (9:37)
- A piece called "Kazzaz" in bayat mode ending with the command "aman aman".
- Instrumental interlude. (1:24)
- A piece in saba mode on D. (2:14)
- An extract from "Hijaz Shaytani" in hijaz mode. (2:31)
- A piece in huseyni mode. (2:39)
- Final teslim in hijaz with a descent to the tonic on the bidding "aman aman". (3:08)
- Peste, "Murru bina min timshun", traditional Baghdadi song. مروا بنا من تمشون
Song in hijaz mode, to the 6/4 sengin sama'i rhythm.
The qasida is by the Iraqi poet Abdul Ghaffar al-Akhras (1810-1873):
* Commentary by Scheherazade Qassim Hassan
Vocals: Yusuf Omar (d. 1987)
Santur: Abdallah Ali
Djoze: Shaoubi Ibrahim al-A'dhami (d. 1991)
Djoze: Hassan Ali al-Naqib (d. 1986)
Tabla: Abdul Razzaq Majid
Raqq: Kan'an Mohammed Salih
Daff zinjari: Dhia' Mahmoud Ahmed
Choir: Ali al-Dabbou, Abdul Wahid Zaidan, Falih Jawhar, Abdul Qadir