Hugi Pataw (1848-1933)
Baghdad, Iraq, c. 1925
78 rpm recording
- Taqsim (improvisation) on Iraqi santur in awj mode.
- Peste in awj mode. (2:30)
The Maqam Awj is derived from the Maqam Segah (sikah) and its tonic is on awj (B-half flat). It is sung to classical Arabic verses without any rhythmic accompaniment. It includes the following modulating pieces: Sufyan, Hakimi, Musta'ar, Mukhalaf Kirkuk, and Qadirbayjan.
Hugi Pataw bin Salih bin Rahmain was born in the Tatran district of Old Baghdad in 1848. Pataw was one of the most famous santur performers in the modern history of this instrument in Iraq. He learned from Muhammad bin Salih al-Santurachi (born late 18th century) and headed chalghi bands to accompany some of Baghdad's best singers during the 19th and early 20th centuries, such as Ahmed Zaydan, Hasan al-Shakarchi, Khalil Rabbaz, Hajj Jamil al-Baghdadi, and Yusuf Huryesh. He famously performed for the Egyptian singer Umm Kulthum at the residence of Yusuf Za'rur when she visited Iraq shortly before his death in Baghdad on February 27, 1933.