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Bibliography


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--- Al-Mūsīqār Rūḥī al-Khammāsh wa-taʼthīruhu fīl-mūsīqá al-ʻIrāqīyya. Baghdād: Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyah al-ʻĀmmah "Āfāq ʻArabīyya", 1999. (1st ed)



* al-ʻAbṭa, MaḥmūdʻUthmān al-Mawṣilī fī Baghdād. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat Shafiq, 1973.



* Abu-Ḥaidar, Farida. "The Poetic Content of the Iraqi Maqām." Journal of Arabic Literature, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Sep., 1988), pp. 128-141.



* al-Aʻḍhamī, Ḥusayn IsmaʻīlAl-Maqām al-ʻIrāqī ila ʼayn: dirāsah taḥlīlīyya fannīyya naqdīyya fikrīyya bi-ruʼya mustaqbalīyya. Beirut: al-Muʼassasah al-ʻArabīyya lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 2001. (1st ed)

--- Al-Maqām al-ʻIrāqī bi-aswāt al-nisāʼ: dirāsah taḥlīlīyya fannīyya naqdīyya li-tariqat al-marʼah al-Irāqiyya fi -al-ghināʼ al-maqāmī. Beirut, al-Muʼassasah al-ʻArabīyya lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 2007. 

--- Al-Ṭarīqah al-Qundarchīyya fī al-maqām al-ʻIrāqī wa-atbāʻuhā : dirāsah taḥlīlīyya fannīyya naqdīyya li-iḥdá ṭuruq al-ghināʼ al-maqāmīyya al-bārizah fī al-qarn al-ʻishrīn. Beirut, al-Muʼassasah al-ʻArabīyya lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 2007.

--- Al-Ṭarīqah al-Qubbānchīyya fī al-maqām al-ʻIrāqī wa-atbāʻuhā : dirāsah fannīyya taḥlīlīyya naqdīyya li-abraz al-ṭuruq al-ghināʼīyya al-maqāmīyya fī al-qarn al-ʻishrīn. Beirut, al-Muʼassasah al-ʻArabīyya lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 2009.  



al-Aʻḍhamī, Shaʻūbī Ibrahīm KhalīlAl-Maqamāt al-ʻIrāyya. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat Asad, 1963.

--- Dalīl al-anghām li-ṭullāb al-maqām. Baghdad: al-Markaz al-Dawlī li-Dirāsāt al-Mūsīqá al-Taqlīdīyah, 1982.

--- ʼĀlat al-jawza. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Al-Alān fi madrasat al-Nu‘mān. Unpublished manuscript.



* al-ʻAllāf, ʻAbd al-KarīmAl-Ṭarab ʻinda al-ʻArab. Baghdad: al-Maktaba al-Ahlīyah, 1963. (2nd ed)

--- Mujaz al-aghānī al-ʻIrāqīyya: Kitāb tārīkhī fannī mūsīqī muṣawwar yabḥath ʻan al-maqāmāt wa-ghinā' Dijlah wal-Furāt. Baghdād: Maṭbaʻat al-Aytām, 1933. (1st ed)

--- Baghdād al-qadīmah. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat al-Maʻārif, 1960. (1st ed)
Beirut: al-Dār al-ʻArabīyya lil-mawsūʻāt, 1999. (2nd ed)

--- Al-Mawwāl al-Baġdādī. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat al-Maʻārif, 1964. (1st ed)

--- Qiyān Baghdād fīl-ʻaṣr al-ʻAbbāsī wal-ʻUthmānī wal-akhīr. Beirut: al-Dār al-ʻArabīyya lil-Mawsūʻāt, 2006. (1st ed)



* al-Amīr, Sālim ḤusaynDalīl salālim al-maqāmāt al-ʻArabīyya. Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah, Wizārat al-Thaqāfah wa-al-Iʻlām, 1986.

--- Al-Mūsīqá wal-ghināʼ fī bilād al-Rāfidayn. Baghdād: Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah, Wizārat al-Thaqāfah wa-al-Iʻlām, 1999.



* al-ʻĀmirī, Thāmir ʻAbd al-ḤasanGhināʼ rīf al-ʻIrāq. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat al-Ḥawādith, 1976.

--- Muḥammad al-Qubbānchī, muṭrib al-ʻIrāq al-awwal. Baghdad: Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah "Āfāq ʻArabīyya," 1987. (1st ed)

--- Al-Ghināʼ al-ʻIrāqī. Baghdad: Wizārat ah-Thaqāfah wa-al-Iʻlām, Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah, 1988. (1st ed)

--- Al-Mughannūn al-rīfīyyūn wa-aṭwār al-abūdhīyya al-ʻIrāqīyya. Baghdad: Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah "Āfāq ʻArabīyya", 1989.

--- Al-Maqām al-ʻIrāqī. Baghdad: Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah "Āfāq ʻArabīyya", 1990. (1st ed)



* al-ʻAzzāwi, ʻAbbāsAl-Mūsīqá al-ʻIrāqīyya fī ʻahd al-Mughūl wa-al-Turkmān : min sanat 656 H - 1258 M ilá sanat 941 H - 1534 M. Baghdad: Sharikat al-Tijārah, 1951.



* al-Bakri, ʻAdilʻUthmān al-Mawṣilī al-shaʻir al-mutaṣawwif. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat al-ʻAni, 1966. 

--- Maʻa ʻUthmān al-Mawṣilī fi fannihi wa ʻabqarīyyatihi. Baghdad: Dār al-Ḥurrīyya, 1973. 



* Bashīr, Jamīl. Al-ʻUd, ṭarīqat tadrīsihi. Baghdad, 1961. 



* al-Basrī, Ḥamīd. Aghānī shaʻbīyya ʻIrāqīyya. Baghdad: 1976. 

--- Al-Khaṣāʼiṣ al-mūsīqīyya wal ibdā‘īyya lil-mawrūth al-ghināʼī al-‘arabī wa āfāq taṭawwurihā: al-‘irāq namūḍhajan. Unpublished dissertation, 2009



* al-Bayyāti, Muwaffaq ‘Abd al-Hādi. Al-Madākhil al-fannīyya lil Maqām al-‘Irāqī. Baghdad.




* Bilāl, ʻAbd al-WahābAl-Nagham al-mubtakir fī al-mūsīqā al-ʻirāqīyya wa al-ʻarabīyya. Baghdad, 1969. (1st ed)

--- "Al-Maqamāt al-ʻIrāqīyya." ʻAlam al-Fikr, Vol. 6, No.1



* Farmer, Henry George. "Iraqian and Mesopotamian Music," in Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th ed. London: Macmillan, 1954.

--- A History of Arabian Music to the XIIIth Century. London: Luzac & Co., 1929.



* al-Ghazāli, NādhumAl-Maqāmāal-ʻIrāqīyya. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Ṭabaqāt al-mūsīqīyyīn w al-‘āzifīn fīl ‘Irāq min ‘ām 1900 ilā 1962. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Aghānī al-Chālghī al-Baghdādi min ‘ām 1870 ilā 1940. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Aghānī Salima Murād. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Aghānī Muammad al-Qubbanchi. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Al-Makhuāt al-ʻArabīyya al-musīqīyya fī maktabat al-mataf al-‘Irāqī. Unpublished manuscript.




* al-Ḥanafī, Jalāl. Al-Mughannūn al-Baghdādīyyūn wa al-Maqām al-ʻIrāqī. Baghdad: Wizārat al-Irshād. 1964.

--- Lamaḥāt ʻan al-maqām al-ʻIrā. Baghdad: Dāʼirat al-Funūn, 1983. 

--- Muqaddima fi al-mūsīqá al-ʻArabīyya. Baghdad: Dār al-Ḥurrīyya lil-Tibāʻa, 1989.

--- Al-Maqām al-ʻIrāqī, tārikhuhu wa usūluhu. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Mustadrak al-mughannūn al-Baghdādīyyūn. Unpublished manuscript.

--- Muḥammad al-Qubbānchī, tārikhuhu wa ḥayātuhu. Unpublished manuscript.



* Ḥasan, Shahrazād Qāsim. "Muthaqafū Baghdād wal-mūsīqā al-ʻIrāqīyya." Afaq Arabiyya, Vol. 12 (1977), pp. 88-100.

--- Maṣādir al-mūsīqá al-ʻIrāqīyya, 1900-1978. Baghdad: Dār al-Rashīd lil-Nashr, 1981.

--- Al-Mūsīqá al-ʻArabīyya. Beirut: al-Muʼassasah al-ʻArabīyya, 1981. (1st ed)

--- "The Iraqi Maqam and its transmission." In The Middle East, Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Routledge. pp. 311-316.

--- "Le makam irakien: structures et realisations." In L'improvisation dans les musiques de tradition orale. Bernard Lortat-Jacob. Ethnomusicologie 4. Paris: SELAF (1987), pp. 143-149.

--- "Some Islamic non-Arabic elements of influence on the repertory of al-maqam al-ʻIraqi in Baghdad." In Maqam-Raga-Zeilenmelodik (1989), pp. 148-155.

--- Mūsīqá al-madīnah : dirāsāt fī al-mūsīqá al-ʻArabīyya. Beirut: al-Muʼassasah al-ʻArabīyya lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 1991. (1st ed)

--- Dawr al-ālāt al-mūsīqīyya fī al-mujtamaʻ al-taqlīdī fī al-ʻIraq. Beirut: Al-Muʼassasah al-ʻArabīyya lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr, 1992. (1st ed)

--- "A space of inclusiveness: the case of the art music of Iraq." International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies. Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jul. 2008), pp. 115-128.



* al-Ḥasani, ʻAbd al-Razzaq. Al-aghānī al-shaʻyya. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat al-Najāh, 1929. 



Ḥilmī, ʻAbd al-Fattāḥ. Anghām min al-turāth. Baghdad, 1984. 

--- Aswāt wa ḍhikrayāt. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat Diana, 1990. 



* Jaʻfar, ʻAbd al-Amīr. Al-Ghināʼ al-fulkūrī fīl-ʻIrāq. Baghdad, 1975. 



* al-Jalīlī, Muḥammad Siddīq. al-Maqamāt al-mūsīqīyya fīl-Mūil. Mosul: Maṭbaʻat Umm al-Rabiʻayn, 1941. 

--- Al-Turāth al-mūsīqī fīl-Mūṣil. Mosul: Maṭbaʻat al-Jumhūriyya, 1964.



* al-Jazrāwī, Muhaymin IbrāhīmAl-Khaṣāʼiṣ al-laḥnīyah wa-al-īqāʻīyah fī al-aghānī al-murāfiqah lil-maqām al-ʻIrāqī. Baghdad, 2004. (1st ed)



* Kāmil, Adil. "Al-Qubbanchi, aʻmāluhu al-muʼalafa wal-mussajjala." Al-Qithara, vol. 3, 1980.



* al-Karmalī, Anastāse-Mārie. Aghānī Baghdād al-ʻāmmīyya. Baghdad, 1896. 

--- Majmūʻat al-aghānī al-ʻāmmīyya al-ʻIrāqīyya. Baghdad, 1934. 



* al-Khatīb, ʻAyda. Al-Santūr fil-ʻIraq. Baghdad: Daʼirat al-funūn al-mūsīqīyya, 1986. 



* al-Khayyāl, Ghālib. Silsilat al-maqamāt. Baghdad, 1957. 



* Kitab. Kitāb muʼtamar al-mūsīqa al-ʻArabīyya. Cairo: Al-Maṭbaʻa al-Amiriyya bil-Qahira,1933.



* Kojaman, YeheskelThe Maqam music tradition in Iraq. London: Y. Kojaman, 2001.

--- Al-Mūsīqa al-fannīyya al-muʻāṣira fī al-ʻIq. London: 1978. 



* Maḥfūz, Ḥusayn ʻAlī. s al-Mūsīqa al-ʻArabīyya. Baghdad: Dār al-Ḥurriyya lil-Tibāʻa, 1975. 



* Manasseh, Sara. "Religious Music Traditions of the Jewish-Babylonian Diaspora in Bombay." Ethnomusicology Forum, Vol. 13, No. 1, (Jan. 2004), pp. 47-73.



al-Mawsilī, al-Musallam Aḥmed bin ʻAbd al-Raḥman. Al-Durr al-naqī fī ʻilm al-mūqa. Baghdad: 1964.



* Moussali, Bernard. "Le maqām de Bagdad" in Musique savante d'Irak: Rashīd al-Qundarjī, Le Fausset de Bagdad. CD booklet. 



Muḥammad ʻAlī, AsʻadMadkhal ilā al-mūsīqā al-ʻIrāqīyya. Baghdad: Wizārat al-Iʻlām, 1974.

--- Fī uṣūl al-mūsīqa al-fulklūyya. Baghdad, 1976. 



* Muḥammad, Kādhum Jāsim. Min rūwwād al-maqām al-ʻIrāqī: al-fannān al-rāhil Yusuf ʻUmar, hayātuhu wa fannuhu. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat Dār al-Salām, 1987. 



* al-Mumayyiz, Amīn. Baghdād kamā ʻariftuhā. Baghdad, 1986.



* al-Naḥḥās, Mamūd ‘Alī. Ward wa rīān fī sīrat al-Mulla ‘Uthmān. Mosul, unpublished manuscript.




* Powers, Harold. "First Meeting of the ICTM Study Group on Maqam." Yearbook for Traditional Music, Vol. 20, (1988), pp. 199-218.



* Qaddūrī, ḤusaynAl-Mawsūʻa al-Mūsīqīyya. Baghdad, 1987. 

--- Al-Taʻlīm fī al-katātīb al-ʻirāqīyya bil-asālīb al-naghmīyya w al-īqāʻīyya. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat al-ʻUmmāl al-Markazīyya, 1992.



* al-Rajab, Bāhir HāshimUṣūl ghināʼ al-maqām al-Baghdā. Baghdad, 1985. 

--- Shajarat salālim al-mūsīqā al-ʻArabīyya. Ludwigsburg: Al-Regeb Music, 2006. (1st ed)



* al-Rajab, Hāshim MuḥammadAl-Maqām al-ʻIrāqī. Baghdad: Maktabat al-Muthannā, 1961. (1st ed)
Baghdad, 1982. (2nd ed)

--- Al-Maqām al-ʻIrāqī : wa-aʻlām al-mughanniyyīn wa-al-mūsīqīyyīn wa-maqāhī Baghdād min ʻahd al-Khulafāʼ al-Rāshidīn wa-al-ʻahdayn al-Umawī wa-al-ʻAbbāsī wa-baʻda suqūṭ al-Dawlah al-ʻAbbāsīyya. Beirut: al-Dār al-ʻArabīyya lil-Mawsūʻāt, 2009.

--- Min turāth al-mūsīqá wal-ghināʼ al-ʻIrāqī. Baghdad: Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah, Āfāq ʻArabīyya, 2002.

--- Al-Abūdhīyya. al-Dawḥah, Qaṭar: Markaz al-Turāth al-Shaʻbī li-Duwal al-Khalīj al-ʻArabīyya, 1988.

--- Al-Mūsīqīyyūn wal-mughannūn khilāl al-fatrat al-muḍhlima, min 656 h.-1322 h., 1258 m.-1904 m. Baghdad: al-Markaz al-Dawlī li-Dirāsāt al-Mūsīqá al-Taqlīdīyya, 1982.

--- ʼĀlat al-santūr. Unknown.



* Rifʻat, AṭṭārAl-Ughnīya al-shaʻbīyya wal-fūlklūr al-ghināʼī fīl-ʻIrāq. Baghdād, 1985. (1st ed)



* Sālim, Kamāl Latīf. Aʻlām al-maqām al-ʻirāqi wa rūwadih. Baghdad: Matbaʻat al-Nahdha, 1985. 



* al-Saʻdī, ḤāmidAl-Maqām wa buḥūr al-anghām : dirāsah taḥlīlīyya li-ghināʼ al-maqāmāt al-ʻIrāqīyya maʻa nuṣūṣihā al-shiʻrīyya. Baghdad: Dār al-Muthannā, 2006. (1st ed)



* Shiloah, Amnon. The Musical Tradition of Iraqi Jews. Israel, 1983.



* Shubbar, Majīd NājīMadkhal ilá al-maqām al-ʻIrāqī. London: Dār Kūfān, 1995. (1st ed)



* Simms, RobThe Repertoire of Iraqi Maqam. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2004.



* Subḥī Anwar Rashīd. Tarikh Al-ʼĀlāt al-musīqīyya l-ʻIrāq al-qadīm. Beirut, 1970.


--- Al-ʼĀlāt al-musīqīyya luṣur al-Islamīyya. Baghdad, 1975. 

--- Al-Musīqa fīl-ʻIrāq al-qadīm. Baghdad: Dār al-Shuʼūn al-Thaqāfīyya al-ʻĀmmah, 1988. (1st ed)

--- Al-ʼĀlāt al-musīqīyya al-muṣāhiba lil-Maqām al-ʻIrā. Baghdad: Matbaʻat al-ʻUmmāl al-Markazīyya, 1989. 



* Terzī Bāshī, ʻAta. "Al-Maqamāt al-shaʻbiyya fi Kirkuk." Al-Turāth al-Shaʻbi, Vol. 3, (1965), Baghdad.



* Touma, Ḥabīb Ḥassan. The Music of the Arabs. Cambridge: Amadeus Press, 2003.



* Tsuge, Genʼichi. "A Note on the Iraqi Maqam." Asian Music, Vol. 4, No. 1, Near East-Turkestan Issue (1972), pp. 59-66. University of Texas Press.



* Ubādiya, IbrahāmUghniyāt ʻIrāqīyya : min lawn al-ghināʼ al-shaʼbī al-ḥadīth fī ḍifāf al-Rāfidayn. Ḥayfā : I. ʻŪbadiyā, 1994.

--- Fī dunyā al-maqāmāt wa-al-ghināʼ al-shaʻbī al-ʻIrāqī al-fūlklūrī. Shafā ʻAmr: Dār al-Mashriq lil-Tarjamah wa-al-Ṭibāʻah wa-al-Nashr, 1999. (1st ed)



* Van Der Linden, Neil. "The classical Iraqi maqam and its survival." In Colors of Enchantment: theater, dance, music and the visual arts of the Middle East, edited by Sharifa Zuhur, pp. 321-335. Cairo: American University Press, 2001.



* al-Wardī, Ḥammudī IbrahīmAl-Ghināʼ al-ʻIrāqī. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat Asʻad, 1964. (1st ed)

--- Maqām al-mukhālaf. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat Asʻad, 1969.

--- Al-Aghānī al-qadīmah : azjāluhā, al-ḥānuhā, ḥikāyātuhā. Baghdad: Maṭbaʻat Asʻad, 1970

--- ʻĀlam al-takāyā wa-maḥāfil al-dhikr : maʻa sharḥ wāfi lil-ṭarāʼiq al-Qādirīyya, al-Rifāʻīyya, al-Naqshabandīyya, al-Mawlawīyya, al-Damirdāshīyya, al-Dhikr al-Miṣrī. Beirut: al-Dār al-ʻArabīyya lil-Mawsūʻāt, 2006. (1st ed)



* Warkov, Esther. "Revitalization of Iraqi-Jewish instrumental traditions in Israel: the persistent centrality of an outsider tradition." Asian Music, Vol. 17, No. 2, Music in the ethnic communities of Israel (1986), pp. 9-31. University of Texas Press.

--- "The Urban Arabic Repertoire of Jewish Professional Musicians in Iraq and Israel: Instrumental Improvisation and Culture Change." Doctorate dissertation, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1988.




* Yūsuf, Zakarīyya. Al-Musīqā al-ʻArabīyya . Baghdad, 1952. 

--- Mabādiʼ al-musīqā al-naḍharīyya. Baghdad, 1957. 



* Zubaida, Sāmī. "Entertainers in Baghdad, 1900-1950." in Outside in: on the margins of the modern Middle East by Eugene L. Rogan, pp. 218-230. New York, 2002.